He was a philosopher, German journalist and writer, his work is
consistent individualism. He explained in his monumental work "The Ego
and Its Own" (1845), which itself is the only reality. He also referred
to the value of an object in the benefit oneself. Max Stirner, whose
real name was Johann Caspar Schmidt, in his philosophy was influenced by
the works of Hegel and Feuerbach.
Max Stirner was the son of Johann
Caspar Schmidt, an instrument maker, 25 Born in Bayreuth in October
1806. Stirner was raised in a Protestant family. His father died when he
was six months old. His mother remarried in 1809. She went with the
family to Kulm in West Prussia. In 1818, twelve years Stirner turned
back to the old Bayreuth. There he attended high school, which was under
the direction of Georg Andreas Gabler, successor of Georg Wilhelm
Friedrich Hegel at the University of Berlin.
After graduation, Max Stirner started at the University of Berlin
to study law. There he found his passion for philosophy and theology.
Attended, among others, to conferences Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel,
Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher and.
Johann Caspar Schmidt
stirnernietzschemarks 300x223 Max Stirner
During his studies at
Erlangen erratic and Königsberg, traveled through Germany for a long
time. In 1839, he completed his formal education with the teacher's
examination. Between 1835 and 1836, he completed his legal training at
the Royal School of Berlin.
He taught at Stirner during 1839, a girls'
school in Berlin. During this time he met members of the group "The
Free". It was then that he met the young philosopher Hegelian Bruno
The bohemian style and anarchic way of life with the members of
the group, was seen as an irritation of the "Commoner" (common, ordinary
people's representatives in parliament, even when these representatives
were regularly local mayors and university professors ). Stirner
published essays in newspapers during this time, either anonymously or
signed as Max Stirner.
In the vicinity of the Young Hegelians, he met the daughter of
Marie Dähnhardt pharmacist, whom he later married. His wife brought him
considerable wealth connection that allowed Max Stirner pursue his
philosophy. Since 1842, wrote reviews and articles.
Schmidt Max Max Stirner1 StirnerPara this time he also began work on his
magnum opus, "The Ego and Its Own," which was released in 1845. Stirner
worked initially with the work of translation and compilation. His
creativity always wanted to go further. Went through a major economic
crisis, which ended in poverty. 1846, his marriage, that he had no
children, ended in divorce.
Stirner in his philosophy was influenced by
the works of Hegel and Feuerbach. Hence his ideas developed his
materialist individualism and solipsism, which recognizes the subjective
self contained and self-awareness in singleness.
His work was quickly
forgotten though controversial. Only won again in 1893 by the followers
of Nietzsche and Paul Lauterbach. In 1968 by the Marxists. However, he
took a special position in the philosophy of the nineteenth
Proper positioning of Max Stirner and his work on the history
of philosophy has not materialized even today. Max Stirner died on June
25, 1856 in Berlin.